Genesis 1:24-1:31

Genesis 1:24

And Elohim said “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kind: livestock, and creeping things, and beast of the earth according to their kind,” and it was so.

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים תֹּוצֵ֨א הָאָ֜רֶץ נֶ֤פֶשׁ חַיָּה֙ לְמִינָ֔הּ בְּהֵמָ֥ה וָרֶ֛מֶשׂ וְחַֽיְתֹו־אֶ֖רֶץ לְמִינָ֑הּ וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃

way-yō-mer ‘ĕ-lō-hîm, tō-w-ṣê hā-’ā-reṣ ne-p̄eš ḥay-yāh lə-mî-nāh, bə-hê-māh wā-re-meś wə-ḥay-ṯōw-‘e-reṣ lə-mî-nāh; way-hî-ḵên.

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Genesis 1:20-1:23 Commentary

Genesis 1:20

And God said, “Let the waters teem with [swarms of] creatures that have life, and [let the waters bring forth abundantly] birds that fly above the earth in the open firmament of the heaven.”

Literally: And God said, “Let the waters swarm a swarm of living creatures and birds that [may] fly above the earth in the open firmament of the heaven.”

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֔ים יִשְׁרְצ֣וּ הַמַּ֔יִם שֶׁ֖רֶץ נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֑ה וְעֹוף֙ יְעֹופֵ֣ף עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ עַל־פְּנֵ֖י רְקִ֥יעַ הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃

way-yō-mer ’ĕ-lō-hîm, yiš-rə-ṣū ham-ma-yim, še-reṣ ne-p̄eš ḥay-yāh;

wə-‘ō-wp̄ yə-‘ō-w-p̄êp̄ ‘al-hā-’ā-reṣ, ‘al-pə-nê rə-qî-a‘haš-šā-mā-yim.

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Genesis 1:14-1:19 Commentary

Genesis 1:14

And God said, “Let there be light sources in the firmament of the heaven to divide a space between the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.”

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים יְהִ֤י מְאֹרֹת֙ בִּרְקִ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם לְהַבְדִּ֕יל בֵּ֥ין הַיֹּ֖ום וּבֵ֣ין הַלָּ֑יְלָה וְהָי֤וּ לְאֹתֹת֙ וּלְמֹ֣ועֲדִ֔ים וּלְיָמִ֖ים וְשָׁנִֽים׃

way-yō-mer ’ĕ-lō-hîm, yə-hî mə-’ō-rōṯ bir-qî-a‘ haš-šā-ma-yim, lə-haḇ-dîl bên hay-yō-wm ū-ḇên hal-lā-yə-lāh; wə-hā-yū lə-’ō-ṯōṯ ū-lə-mō-w-‘ă-ḏîm, ū-lə-yā-mîm wə-šā-nîm.

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Genesis 1:9-1:13 Commentary

Genesis 1:9

And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים יִקָּו֨וּ הַמַּ֜יִם מִתַּ֤חַת הַשָּׁמַ֙יִם֙ אֶל־מָקֹ֣ום אֶחָ֔ד וְתֵרָאֶ֖ה הַיַּבָּשָׁ֑ה וַֽיְהִי־כֵֽן׃

way-yō-mer ’ĕ-lō-hîm, yiq-qā-wū ham-ma-yim mit-ta-ḥaṯ haš-šā-ma-yim ’el-mā-qō-wm ’e-ḥāḏ,

wə-ṯê-rā-’eh hay-yab-bā-šāh; way-hî- ḵên.

On day one the Earth was just water, on the second day it was water and air, and on the third day there was land. Step by step the Earth was coming closer to habitability. Rather than have the earth burst forth from the sea, God commanded the waters to asswage and the let the Earth appear from under it. This act was repeated during the flood (see Genesis 8:1). The waters had to be gathered together so that the land could appear. But where did this water go? Well, some of it went into the seas, of course. The rest was brought below the crust.

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Genesis 1:6-1:8 Commentary

Genesis 1:6

And God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters; let it divide asunder (or “a space between”) the waters from the waters.

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֔ים יְהִ֥י רָקִ֖יעַ בְּתֹ֣וךְ הַמָּ֑יִם וִיהִ֣י מַבְדִּ֔יל בֵּ֥ין מַ֖יִם לָמָֽיִם׃

way-yō-mer ’ĕ-lō-hîm, yə-hî rā-qî-a‘bə-ṯō-wḵ ham-mā-yim;

wî-hî maḇ-dîl, bên ma-yim lā-mā-yim.

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Genesis 1:3-1:5 Commentary

Genesis 1:3

And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.

וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֖ים יְהִ֣י אֹ֑ור וַֽיְהִי־אֹֽור׃

way-yō-mer ’ĕ-lō-hîm yə-hî ’ō-wr; way-hî- ’ō-wr.

And God said… Now begins the creation proper. The presence of the conjunction “waw (and)” informs us that God’s speaking occurred in the next step of a linear account. “1:2 The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. 1:3 AND God said….” Such a usage of “waw” to attach consecutive events also happens in Genesis 5 and 11, both of which are genealogical accounts. After God had laid down the great waters of the Earth, He now went to work shaping it. He made light first, meaning that it is so important as to be given preference over any other thing.

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Everett’s Commentary of the Bible, Genesis 1:1-1:2

Note: An expanded and improved version of this article (and others) is available as a book, in print form and Kindle. You may purchase it on Amazon.

 

Just as with many things in life, it is not enough to simply read the Bible to have a deep understanding of it. You must also analyze what you have read. We are quite fortunate that the most important parts of the Bible are the easiest to understand; the Bible’s central message of sin and redemption by sacrifice can be easily understood by even a child (see 1 Peter 2:2). But there is much more to the Bible than just the gospels; there are 62 other books yearning to be understood. Almost everyone thinks they are experts on scripture but few actually are experts. If you wish to be among the latter instead of the former, I invite you to read this commentary. It is the result of countless hours of studying scriptures, praying for understanding, and carefully reviewing past commentaries by other authors. By the time I have finished this commentary, I believe it will be the most comprehensive ever written.

I would feel remiss in my duty if I did not offer an introduction of myself and an explanation of my agenda. My name is John Everett. I am a Christian; I believe that the Bible is the inspired, inerrant Word of God. I do not believe that the Bible needs to be re-written. It needs to be reread. I believe that God and His word are always correct (when properly translated, anyway). Any time that a person disagrees with the Bible, it is the person’s opinion that must change. In writing this commentary, I have made the utmost efforts to ensure that what I am writing is correct. Know this well: I am not trying to push my opinion onto you. My goal is to change my opinion so that it matches the truth, and then push the truth onto you. I abhor bias in all its forms. I do whatever I can to challenge my beliefs and make sure that I change if need be. As soon as I find that something is incorrect, I stop believing it, and I demand the same of everyone else. No one ought to have any emotional attachment to their false beliefs, especially if such emotions impair proper judgment. While reading this commentary I am certain that you will read something you don’t like. When that happens, there will be three possibilities:

  1. You are wrong, in which case you need to get over it and stop being wrong.
  2. I am wrong, in which case you need to let me know so I can stop being wrong.
  3. We’re both wrong, in which case we need serious help.

All I can really say is, “Don’t be biased.” After that, it’s in God’s hands. With that having been said, let me reassure you that great pains have been taken to avoid any inaccuracies in my commentary. I truly, genuinely want to teach God’s word and help my brothers and sisters in Christ to have a deeper understanding of the Bible, and in turn deepen their relationship with Christ. And I want to convert any non-Christian who may happen to read this. That is my full agenda. I don’t mean to make any crackpot claims about a hidden prophetic code concerning first contact with space aliens, or a secret interpretation making myself the Messiah, or any other such garbage as cult founders are wont to do. I wish neither to add to nor take away from scripture (see Deuteronomy 4:2, Revelation 22:1819). My goal is simply to explain what the Bible says, and to prove my claims with scripture and other evidence.

Without further ado, let us begin.

 

In the beginning God created Heaven and the Earth.

-Genesis 1:1

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